FAKTOR – FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KEJADIAN ACNE VULGARIS PADA SISWA KELAS X SMA NEGERI 2 KOTA BLITAR

Elia Latifa Muyassaroh, RatnaWardani, Rahmania Ambarika

ABSTRACT

Acne vulgaris is a chronic acne commonly occurs in adolescence, usually characterized by comedones, papules, nodules, and pustules on the face, neck and upper body. Certain foods, stress, genetics, and hormonal suspected to be the cause. The purpose of this research is to analyze the factors of gender, genetics, unhealthy lifestyle and dirty environment that influence the incidence of acne vulgaris at student class X of State Senior High School 2 Blitar. The research design was cross-sectional observation. The population were all students of class X many as 284 students. Samples were examined as many as 166 respondents, using a random sampling technique. The independent variables were factors of gender, genetic, unhealthy lifestyle and dirty environment, while the dependent variable was the incidence of acne vulgaris. In this research, using the observation to the incidence of acne vulgaris and questionnaire for factors – factors that influence. The data were processed using binary logistic regression analysis. The results showed that of the four factors thought to influence the incidence of acne vulgaris, only the genetic factors that influence the incidence of acne vulgaris with sig 0.001 <0.05. The analysis also showed that respondents with a family history of acne, 0,4 times greater risk of acne than respondents with no family history of acne. Genetic factor influence the activity of sebum produced by the sebaceous glands. In individual with acne sebum contains more squalene, wax ester, free fatty acid and linoleic acid than normal sebum. The composition of sebum as an ideal habitat for bacteri of acne.

Keywords: Acne Vulgaris, Adolescence, Gender, Genetic, Unhealthy lifestyle, Dirty environment