HUBUNGAN MOTIVASI KELUARGA DENGAN TINGKAT KEPATUHAN MINUM OBAT PADA PENDERITA KUSTA DI RUMAH SAKIT KHUSUS KUSTA KOTA KEDIRI

Maria W. I Tilis; Ema Mayasari; Sentot Imam Suprapto

ABSTRACT

Leprosy was a chronic disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae bacteria in the skin and the peripheral nerves. The leprosy treatment need the family’s participation to motivate and supervise the patients to consume drugs regularly. The objective of this research was to know the relation between the family’s motivation and the leprosy patients’ obedience to consume drugs in Leprosy Hospital of Kediri City. The design of this research was quantitative with correlation design. The approach was cross sectional. The population was all 38 leprosy patients in Leprosy Hospital of Kediri City, and 35 responders were taken as samples by simple random sampling technique. The family’s motivation data were obtained from questionnaires and the drugs consumption obedience data were obtained from the observation sheets. The result data was expressed in ordinal data scale and analyzed with Contingency Coefficient Test. The research resulted that there were only a few patients, or 14 responders (45.2%) who gave motivation to the patients to consume drugs, there were 19 responders (61.3%) who had obedience to consume drugs regularly, and there was a relation between the family’s motivation and the leprosy patients’ obedience to consume drugs in Leprosy Hospital of Kediri City (p = 0,012 < 0.05, then H0 was denied). The relation level was medium and positive (KK : 0.541). It meant that the better the family’s motivation, the patients will be more obedient to consume drugs and vise versa. The family’s support would motivate the patients that their lives were still meaningful; they were still needed, and still loved. It would become the patients’ inner motivation to rise up again.

Key words : Leprosy, family, drugs